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Inflammatory Eye Disease

Inflammatory Eye Disease or Occular Infection

Eye Infections are eye ailments that are caused by bacterial, viral, or other microbiological agents. There are many different types of eye infections with different causes and treatments. Some eye infections are common while others are rare.

Inflammatory eye disease, also known as uveitis, occurs most frequently in people ages 20 to 60 and affects men and women equally. It encompasses a group of diseases that produce swelling in the eye and destroy eye tissues. Uveitis can reduce vision and even lead to severe vision loss.

The name “uveitis” comes from the part of the eye affected by the disease, the uvea. However, uveitis is not limited to the uvea and can also affect the lens, retina, optic nerve and vitreous, producing reduced vision and possibly blindness if left untreated. Uveitis can last for a short (acute) or long (chronic) time. Severe forms of the disease can reoccur many times.

Uveitis can be caused by complications or diseases that occur in the eye and can also result from inflammatory diseases that affect other parts of the body. The inflammatory response inside the eye can produce swelling, redness and heat, and can destroy tissues as white blood cells swarm the affected area.

Causes of inflammatory eye disease include an attack from the body’s own immune system (autoimmune disorders), infection, tumors occurring within the eye or other parts of the body, bruises to the eye, or toxins that may penetrate the eye.

Most of us will either have come upon an eye infection or know someone who has had one. People who wear contact lenses often find themselves getting some type of eye infection. This is due to the bacterial buildup from constantly wearing the lenses without proper disinfecting. Some common eye infections are pink eye and Blepharitis.

Eye infections usually require some type of medication for treatment. Although some are not as dangerous, there are some eye infections that require a doctor’s immediate attention. If you believe you have an eye infection, you should seek an eye care professional for advice on type and treatment of the eye infection. Eye infections can affect any part of the eyes from the eyelids to the cornea and even to the optic nerves in the back of the eye.

Symptoms of an eye infection include:

  • Chronic redness

  • Persistent Itching

  • Flaking of the eyelids
  • 
Discomfort of the eyes
  • Blurring vision

  • Watery eyes

  • 
Eye discharge

  • 
Eye pain

  • Swelling of tissue surrounding eyes or eyelids
  • Pink Eye – Conjunctivitis
  • 
Stye

  • Blepharitis
  • 
Cellulitis
  • 
Keratitis
  • 

Corneal Ulcer

  • 
Trachoma


Source: EyeCaresm Source

Illinois Eye Center